: Power is an effect of unequal relations between people that society
recognises as belonging to certain groups as a result of being sorted
into those groups on the basis of social practice. 
Because power is an effect of social structure, and not an absolute force
imposed from above, nobody is completely powerful or powerless. But people
have different degrees of power depending upon how they are ‘located’
in society. Through practices such as reading and writing, the members
of different groups interact. In the course of this interaction alliances
and oppositions are formed. These complex alliances form a HEGEMONY –
a network of social groups which ‘work together’ in an unequal
partnership against other groups. 
A ruler or ruling
class may hold power as a result of the force it possesses; some raw strength
in the form of muscle, weapons, army etc to rule those who are weaker
and do not possess this strength. A ruler or ruling class may have access
to power because of tradition and the fact that a family has always ruled;
it could be wealth and ownership of property; possibly it may have something
to do with intelligence or cleverness or controlling those who are clever;
it may be access to essential resources; possibly its access to power
or knowledge; maybe it's an ability to manage people; or cunning and guile
and manipulation. The list continues.
Graph what you consider
to be the power relationships in your family. The basis of power in interpersonal
relationships is somewhat different, though there are obvious similarities.
For example a gender such as males may be traditionally priveliged to
rule. Men are "meant" to be bosses. The use of sex and or affection
- using emotions- either offering or witholding, is stereotypically a
traditional "weapon" of females.
Where possible, indicate
the reason or basis of the power structures in your family. He (or she)
who holds the remote control is all powerful. (Possession is nine-tenths
of the law some say.) Is the father figure the boss (tradition)? Is it
natural aggression and will to rule (mental domination; intimidation);
is it strength; earner of money and provider of food; carer, cleaner,
cook and provider of sustenance in the home? The list is almost endless.
Before you start,
consider the HEGEMONIES that may be involved. (Re-read the power definition
at the top.) Are there groups in power at different times? Are there any
"class distinctions in your family? For example, are the kids "lower
class"? Are those over eighteen more priveliged, and in what ways?
Do you hold
power at any time for any reason? Indicate all of these relationships
in graph form(see below).
One graph type :
Mum Dad Me Brother
(Grandma owns the house, has the money and is the traditional head - matriarch
- of our Italian family)
three month old brother
(EVERYTHING revolves around him)
and Mum (equal in their power)
Older brother (Yells at me, intimidates me)
Cat (bossy, vicious)
forget that these power relationships are changing all the time, so the
above example may be turned upside down for some reason. Provide as much
depth of explanation as you can.)
 Moon, Brian. Literary
Terms: A Practical Glossary. Chalkface Press. 1993.
 Moon, Brian. Literary Terms: A Practical Glossary. Chalkface Press.