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  This page updated Monday, July 2, 2012 9:10 AM

Learning styles

Linguistic/language: learns by listening, reading, verbalizing, enjoys discussion, likes word games, books, and records, and remembers verses, lyrics, and trivia.

Logical/mathematical / abstract: thinks conceptually, uses clear reasoning, looks for abstract patterns and relationships, likes experimenting and testing things, likes classifying and categorizing.

Aural / auditory-musical: thinks in tones, learns through rhythm and melody, enjoys playing musical instruments, remembers songs, and notices non-verbal sounds in the environment.

Visual / spatial: likes mazes and jigsaw puzzles, likes to draw and design things, likes to build models, and likes films, slides, videos, diagrams, maps, and charts.

Physical / bodily kinesthetic: processes knowledge through bodily sensations, communicates through gestures, moves or fidgets while sitting, learns by touching and manipulating, likes role playing, creative movement, and physical activity, enjoys fixing and building things.

Social / interpersonal: prefers to learn in groups or with other people; learns from cooperative learning experiences, and likes group games.

Solitary / intrapersonal / independent: enjoys working independently, likes to be alone, appears to be self-motivated, and needs quiet space and time.

Naturalist/adventurer: investigates, experiments, questions, and finds out about elements of science, the phenomena of the natural world, weather patterns, growing things, animals, conditions that change characteristics (water changes from liquid to solid when frozen).

Try the test before reading on - read the pdf Mentor Teachers - Learning Styles and answer questions in your notebook.


Learning styles



Possible solutions:

1. Use a learning style inventory - identify what you are doing most of the time.
2. Plan to integrate other appropriate strategies into your lessons. Use a mix of media for conveying your content in class.
3. Plan learning activities which involve a range of verbal, visual, 'hands-on' and movement elements.
4. Explain to your students that you are using a range of media and approaches so as to both acknowledge and encourage different learning styles.

In class, use a combination of verbal communication of content and instructions and visual representations of the same things. If you are explaining a concept, have students construct or fill in a flow chart or table or diagram as you are doing so. Then, by asking the students to compare and discuss their completed charts/tables/diagrams, you have responded to several learning styles in one situation.

Some links for further reading: (great, practical)

Getting to Grips with Learning Styles (academic but also practical)


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Feel free to access these resources for study purposes or classroom use. However where they have been directly dowloaded for distribution or copied and provided as notes, please acknowledge as a courtesy. John Watson
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